AAUP: History and Mission
The AAUPís origins can
be traced all the way back to an unfortunate incident that occurred
in California at the turn of the previous century. In 1900, noted
economist Edward Ross lost his job at Stanford University because
Mrs. Leland Stanford disapproved of his views on immigrant labor
and railroad monopolies. That incident rankled many in the profession
and was not forgotten by Arthur O. Lovejoy. Some fifteen years later,
Lovejoy-along with fellow philosopher John Dewey-organized a meeting
at Johns Hopkins University with the intention of forming an association
to protect academic freedom.
In its early days, membership in the Association was restricted
to regular faculty and was extended by invitation only. Over the
years, however, the Association has grown and adapted with the profession.
The AAUP now boasts some 45,000 members and includes part-time and
emeriti faculty, graduate students, librarians, counsellors, and
other academic professionals.
The AAUP remains the leading organization primarily dedicated
to protecting academic freedom in Americaís accredited institutions
of higher education. Largely through the work of the Associationís
many standing committees, faculty determine the principles of
the profession and the procedures which best protect those principles.
The AAUP speaks with the voice of the profession.
The AAUPís mission is
to safeguard academic freedom, to define values, standards, and
best practices for the profession, and to ensure higher education's
contribution to the common good.
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with the mission of the AAUP to safeguard academic freedom,
to define values, standards, and best practices for the profession,
and to ensure higher education's contribution to the common
good, the California Conference of the AAUP (CA-AAUP) serves
the interests of academic professionals and higher education
at the state level.
recognizes the profound value that is derived from having a
membership drawn from all sectors of higher education--the community
and junior colleges, the California State Universities, the
Universities of California, religiously affiliated colleges
and universities, and other private institutions; we view it
as our task to articulate the interests of our various constituencies
and to initiate, advance and coordinate actions to advance and
protect those interests in California consistent with the principles
and policies of the AAUP.
promotes sound academic practices, for ALL segments of California
higher education while working to ensure that such practices
are accepted by the higher education community, state and national
policy making bodies, and the general public.
fulfills this role by: a) facilitating communication between
local and national bodies; b) educating and influencing state
legislators and policy making bodies; c) advising local faculty
on governance, academic policy, and employment issues; and c)
fostering public awareness of the significance and needs of
the higher education community.
AAUP: Activities and Services
Endorsed by more than 170 disciplinary and professional organizations,
the AAUP's 1940 Statement of Principles on Academic Freedom and
Tenure is the definitive articulation of our principles and practices
relating to academic freedom. The AAUP's procedures ensuring academic
due process remain the model for professional employment practices
on campuses throughout the country. Many college presidents and
administrators rely on the Associationís policy statements and procedural
recommendations for guidance on matters ranging from distance education
and intellectual property to graduate student education and employment.
In fact, more than a thousand faculty members call on the AAUP each
year for advice and assistance, especially with situations involving
alleged violations of academic freedom or due process rights. As
a non-profit (501(c)(3)) organization, we serve the profession as
a whole, and the services of our Committee A on Academic Freedom
and Tenure are offered to all members of the profession, rather
than just to the Association's members. The decision to conduct
an on-campus investigation or otherwise assist in a particular case
are based wholly on the merits of the case and the principles and
standards which it implicates.
Lobbying and Educational Outreach
In addition to our "case work," the Association works with Congress
as well as with state legislators to promote effective higher education
legislation. The Association also assists its members in developing
more comprehensive lobbying programs at the state level, and monitoring
pending legislation potentially affecting higher education and faculty
in all 50 states. Because of our status as an educational charity,
the AAUP-while lobbying on issues-does not endorse political parties
or candidates. In addition to our legislative work, the AAUP strives
to promote a better understanding of the profession and the purposes
of higher education in the general public.
In support of our standards, the AAUPís legal department files
amicus briefs before the U.S. Supreme Court, as well
as with federal and state appellate courts, to address significant
issues of academic freedom. Our policy statements are frequently
cited in court decisions and have become a sort of common law
for the profession. The AAUPís legal department also conducts
studies and analyses of particular situations under the law
which may be of particular concern to faculty. The results of
much of this work are available online from the AAUPís national
The AAUP annually publishes a nationally acclaimed faculty salary
report that includes a comprehensive analysis of faculty salaries
and benefits. In addition to its regular programs, the AAUP
issues reports each year on subjects of special interest. Recent
initiatives include reports on the use of part-time and non-tenure-track
faculty, faculty workloads and state intervention, the future
of Historically Black Colleges and Universities, and tenure
in medical schools.
For a list of upcoming activities and events, please visit our
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As approved by the CA-AAUP Executive Board, 25 September 2004
General Guidelines for CA-AAUP Committees
Executive Board directs that CA-AAUP committees shall observe
the following guidelines except where a committee's charge explicitly
shall generally have no fewer than three, and no more than seven,
members. Terms shall be for three years and shall be renewable
for a second term. A third term may be approved by the Board,
in extraordinary cases. Every effort shall be made to ensure
that committees are broadly representative of the Conference's
diverse constituencies. Terms on committees shall be staggered.
When a new committee is established, the initial terms of its
members shall be staggered by mutual agreement of the new committee
members or, failing that, by lottery.
shall be made by the President upon the advice and recommendations
of the Board. Except in extraordinary circumstances, all those
appointed to serve on committees of the Association must be
members in good standing of the CA-AAUP.
shall address issues of concern to contingent faculty. It will
work to limit institutions’ abuse of, and over-reliance
on, contingent faculty members while pressing for equitable
treatment of all faculty in matters of workload, compensation,
evaluation, and professional development. Every effort shall
be made to ensure that at least one, and preferably two, members
of the Steering Committee are serving on this committee at any
shall monitor legislation of concern to faculty in California;
analyze pending legislation and initiatives; and recommend appropriate
policies, positions, and actions to the CA-AAUP's Board. The
committee shall advocate positions at all levels of government
that are beneficial to the higher education community, and shall
keep the membership informed of their efforts. Members of the
committee may be asked to testify at legislative and executive
hearings on matters of concern to higher education.
shall coordinate with other bodies in the Association to ensure
that the CA-AAUP effectively promotes its work and principles
to California's higher education community. The committee should
also strive to keep the general public informed of the contribution
that California's faculty make to the common good. This committee
shall have oversight of the CA-AAUP's mass communications (including,
but not limited to, the CA-AAUP's website, newsletter, and advertisements).
Generally, the CA-AAUP's Newsletter Editor shall chair this
The California Conference of the American Association
of University Professors Constitution
III. Membership and Affiliation
V. General Membership
VI. Executive Board
VII. Steering Committee and Officers
IX. Standing, Special, and Ad Hoc Committees
X. Ratification and Amendments
XI. Relationship Between National AAUP and California
XII. Procedural Matters
XIII. Prohibition against Private Inurement
Ratified: October 25, 2003
Article I: Name
1. This organization shall be named the California Conference
of the American Association of University Professors. Hereinafter
it is referred to as "the Conference". The Conference
shall operate as a social welfare organization under Section
501(c)(4) of the Internal Revenue Code for the below stated
purposes. The Conference is formally chartered by the national
AAUP, which is a tax-exempt organization under Section 501(c)(3)
of the Internal Revenue Code and, as a chartered entity, shall
work in harmony with the national AAUP.
1. The purpose of the Conference shall be to initiate, advance,
and coordinate action on the state level consistent with the
principles and policies of the American Association of University
Professors (hereinafter designated "the AAUP"), within
the State of California. Those principles and policies include
promoting the interests of higher education and scholarly research;
protecting academic freedom and tenure; facilitating cooperation
among all facets of college and university communities; and
advancing the standards, ideals and welfare of the academic
profession. The Conference shall foster the mission of the AAUP
in coordination with other AAUP bodies.
Article III: Membership and Affiliation
1. All AAUP members in California are eligible for membership in
2. For the purposes of participating in the affairs of the Conference
and of receiving its services, an individual member must remain
a member in good standing of the national AAUP, and must not be
more than 3 months in arrears in paying her/his Conference dues.
Members of the Conference who do not belong to affiliated chapters
(see below) shall be considered At-Large members of the Conference.
3. The Conference is primarily a federation of AAUP chapters in
California. Any such chapter is eligible for affiliation according
to the terms below.
4. For the purposes of participating in the affairs of the Conference
and of receiving its services, a chapter shall be considered an
affiliate if it is not more than one year in arrears in paying Conference
dues on all its members.
5. Notwithstanding Section 4 above, chapters that affiliated with
the Conference under terms negotiated prior to this Constitution
taking effect shall be considered affiliates in good standing as
long as they honor the terms of the previous agreement. Such chapters
shall be encouraged to renegotiate terms of affiliation consistent
with this document as soon as possible, and must negotiate such
terms after the expiration of any agreement providing exceptions
to the terms described herein.
6. A newly organized chapter is eligible for affiliation as soon
as that chapter has been officially recognized by the national office
of the AAUP. If the AAUP revokes a chapter's charter, that chapter
shall lose its Conference affiliation.
Article IV: Organization
1. The Executive Board (Article VI.) shall consist of the President,
four Vice Presidents representing the Conference's four primary
constituencies (private institutions, community colleges, the California
State University, and the University of California), a Secretary-Treasurer,
the appointed Editor (if any) of the Conference newsletter, and
the Chairpersons of the Conference Committees.
2. The General Membership (hereinafter "the Membership") shall consist
of all members of chapters that are affiliates of the Conference
and of all At-Large members.
3. The officers of the Conference shall be the President, four Vice
Presidents, and Secretary-Treasurer. Together they shall constitute
the Steering Committee of the Conference.
4. The Executive Board may create, task, and dissolve standing,
special, and ad hoc committees as circumstances and needs warrant,
excepting the Nominating Committee whose structure or designated
functions may only be altered as a result of an amendment to this
Constitution passed in accordance with Article X, Section 2.
5. The Nominating Committee shall be chaired by the Immediate Past
President of the Conference and shall comprise the Past President
and one designee from each of the four current Vice Presidents.
6. The Steering Committee may appoint paid and voluntary employees
of the Conference. The Board shall set the term of service for each,
shall conduct regular reviews of the services provided, and, if
necessary, shall dismiss for cause, following AAUP principles in
7. The President has primary responsibility for making Conference
appointments including the Newsletter Editor, appointments to Committees,
and the appointment of External Observers in cases where the decision
has been made to provide one upon the request of an individual member
or an affiliated chapter.
8. The Newsletter Editor shall oversee the issuing of the newsletter
and other Conference publications.
9. The Conference shall establish and maintain its own bank account.
The Conference shall obtain its own federal employer identification
Article V: General Membership
1. The Membership elects the officers of the Conference according
to the procedures described in Article VIII. It also must approve
any changes to the Constitution according to the procedures described
in Article X.
the geographic size of California and dispersal of the Conference's
membership, regular meetings of the Membership are not practicable.
The Membership shall be provided with an annual report of the
Conference's activities for the previous calendar year no later
than March 31st of the next year. Said report may be issued
as an edition of the newsletter and must contain a year-end
budget report, list of current officers and committee members,
contact information for the Conference, and adequate explanation
for how an individual member might request additional information,
including but not limited to a copy of the Constitution and
the agenda and minutes of Board and Committee meetings (excluding
business conducted in Executive session).
Article VI: Executive Board
1. The Executive Board (hereinafter "the Board") shall meet at least
once a year. Additional meetings may be called by the President
or on unanimous petition of the four Vice Presidents. Upon receiving
instructions from the President or petition from the Vice Presidents,
the Secretary-Treasurer shall schedule a meeting for an appropriate
time and place. At least two weeks notice must be provided to all
Board members and to the presidents of all the Conference's affiliated
chapters of any such meeting.
2. Meetings of the Board shall be open to all Conference members,
excepting those meetings, or parts of meetings, that the Board is
in Executive Session.
3. A quorum shall consist of 50% of the Board's members.
4. The Steering Committee shall have the responsibility to interpret
the Constitution between meetings of the Board, but the Steering
Committee's interpretations may be overruled by the Board at its
next meeting. All interpretations, whether from the Steering Committee
or from the Board, shall be reported to the Membership as part of
the annual report.
5. The Board shall manage the affairs of the Conference in accordance
with the Constitution. The powers and duties of the Board shall
include the following specific matters:
a. Authorize establishment and dissolution of standing, special,
and ad hoc committees; approve changes to them; approve the President's
appointment of committee members; review committee deliberations
and actions, and approve committee reports.
b. Establish the Conference budget.
c. Determine the level of Conference dues, fees, and fees for service.
d. Act upon allegations of nonfeasance or malfeasance on the part
of any Conference officers. If, by a two-thirds vote, this body
finds the allegations sustained, it shall declare the office vacant.
e. Approve actions taken by the Steering Committee between meetings
of the Board.
Article VII: Steering Committee and Officers
1. The Steering Committee shall conduct the business of the Conference
between meetings of the Board. The actions of the Steering Committee
between Board meetings shall be submitted to the Board for approval.
2. The Steering Committee shall meet at least twice annually. Additional
meetings may be called by the President or on unanimous petition
of the four Vice Presidents. Upon receiving instructions from the
President or petition from the Vice Presidents, the Secretary-Treasurer
shall schedule a meeting for an appropriate time and place. At least
two weeks notice must be provided to all Board members and to the
presidents of all the Conference's affiliated chapters of any such
3. Meetings of the Steering Committee shall be open to all Conference
members, except those meetings, or parts of meetings, that the Committee
is in Executive Session.
4. A quorum shall consist of 4 of the Steering Committee's 6 members.
5. The President shall be elected for a two-year term. Candidates
for the position of President shall be selected according to a rotation
through the Association's four primary elements. The first President
shall be from the Community College sector and shall serve a one-year
term. The rotation shall be Community Colleges, CSU, Private Institutions,
and UC, unless the Steering Committee decides unanimously at a scheduled
meeting to make an exception to the rotation schedule. The President
shall chair all Board and Steering Committee meetings and shall
set the agenda for those bodies. The President shall only vote on
motions in the event of a tied vote. Should the President become
unable to fulfill the functions of the office, the Secretary-Treasurer
shall act in his/her stead until the next election cycle at which
time a new President shall be elected. Should such an event result
in the elections of Secretary-Treasurer and President falling in
the same election cycle, an additional year shall be added to the
6. Vice Presidents shall serve two-year terms and may serve up to
3 consecutive terms. Each Vice President will represent a particular
sector of higher education. The initial two Vice Presidents chosen
to represent the CSU and the UC systems shall serve one-year terms.
Each Vice President shall have primary responsibility for the Conference's
outreach in the sector they represent and shall work to advance
the AAUP's principles and expand the organization in their sector.
7. The Secretary Treasurer shall serve a two-year term and may serve
up to 3 consecutive terms. The Secretary Treasurer shall oversee
the Conference's finances and be responsible for maintaining the
official records of the Conference, updating the Conference's website,
and ensuring that the Conference maintains an up-to-date database
of AAUP members in the State. The Secretary-Treasurer shall prepare
the Conference's annual report submitting it first to the Board
for approval and subsequently to the Membership.
Article VIII: Elections
1. Designations for the Nominating Committee shall be made on or
before July 1st of each year, and the Committee shall conclude its
work by September 1st.
2. In alternate years, the Nominating Committee shall find at least
one, and not more than two, candidates for President. Candidates
shall be selected from the appropriate sector for that election
cycle, and the Committee shall consult with Chapter Presidents and
statewide officers as appropriate in making their selections. Upon
petition of 5% of the members from the sector slated to provide
the next President, additional candidates may be added to the ballot.
Such petitions must be delivered to the Secretary-Treasurer on or
before September 1st.
3. In alternate years, the Nominating Committee shall find at least
one, and not more than two, candidates for Secretary-Treasurer without
regard to constituency. The Committee shall consult with Chapter
Presidents and statewide officers as appropriate in making their
selections. Upon petition of 2% of the Membership, additional candidates
may be added to the ballot. Such petitions must be delivered to
the Secretary-Treasurer on or before September 1st.
4. The Nominating Committee shall find at least one, and not more
than two, candidates for each open Vice Presidency in that election
cycle. Candidates shall be selected from the appropriate sector
for that election cycle and the Committee shall consult with Chapter
Presidents and statewide officers as appropriate in making their
selections. Upon petition of 5% of the members from the appropriate
sector, additional candidates may be added to the ballot. Such petitions
must be delivered to the Secretary-Treasurer on or before September
5. Ballots will show the names of all candidates selected by the
Nominating Committee, as well as the names of any additional candidates
nominated by petition and received by the Secretary-Treasurer on
or before September 1st. The Secretary-Treasurer shall confirm that
those nominated are eligible to run and that those submitting nomination
petitions are eligible to make such nominations. Ballots shall be
distributed to the Membership on or before September 15th.
6. Returned ballots received on or before October 15th shall be
Article IX: Standing, Special,
and Ad Hoc Committees
1. By action of the Board, the Conference shall establish such standing,
special, and ad hoc committees as are necessary to advance its work.
This power to establish committees entails also the power to dissolve
2. The Board shall determine the size, composition, length of members'
terms, and the charge to each committee. It shall advise the President
regarding the appointment of committee members.
3. Substantive changes to the charge of a committee, whether proposed
by the committee itself or by others, shall be subject to approval
by the Board.
4. All those in the Membership shall be eligible to serve on a committee.
In exceptional cases in which the Board deems it appropriate, other
qualified persons, whether AAUP members or not, may be appointed
to serve on Conference committees.
5. Committee meetings shall be open to the Membership unless a committee
officially rules that it is to meet in Executive Session. Chairs
may invite other individuals, whether AAUP members or not, to attend
Article X: Ratification and Amendments
1. Initial ratification of this Constitution shall be conducted
by a vote of the Membership. Approval shall require two-thirds majority
of those voting.
2. Amendments to this Constitution may be proposed by any affiliated
chapter, by the Board, by any Conference committee, or on petition
by 2% of the Membership. Such proposals shall be submitted in writing
to the Secretary-Treasurer. Upon receipt of such a proposal, the
Secretary-Treasurer shall submit the proposal to the Board for consideration
and comment. The Secretary-Treasurer shall also communicate the
proposal to each affiliated chapter. Within 90 days of receipt of
the proposal by the Secretary-Treasurer, the proposal, along with
the majority opinion of the Board, shall be submitted to the Membership
for a vote. Enactment of amendments shall require two-thirds majority
of those voting.
Article XI: Relationship Between National AAUP
and California State Conference
1. The California State Conference is authorized to speak on behalf
of itself in promoting AAUP policies and principles.
2. The California State Conference is not a legal agent of the national
AAUP and the national AAUP is not a legal agent of the California
State Conference. Neither the national AAUP nor the California State
Conference shall have the right or power to bind or obligate the
other party in any manner. Neither the national AAUP nor the California
State Conference shall be liable for any act, error, omission, debt,
or other liability or obligation of the other party.
Article XII: Procedural Matters
1. Rules of Order. Except as otherwise provided in the Constitution,
meetings shall be governed by Robert's Rules of Order (most current
edition). Individuals chairing meetings of the Conference (including,
but not limited to Executive Board and Steering Committee meetings)
may appoint a parliamentarian for each meeting.
2. Dissolution. In the event of the liquidation or dissolution of
the Conference, the last Board shall cause all of the property and
assets of the Conference to be assigned, transferred, and conveyed
to the national AAUP, which is currently located at 1012 14th Street,
N.W., Suite 500, Washington, D.C., 20005.
3. Voting. Unless otherwise specified, voting shall be conducted
by mail ballot.
4. Resolutions. Resolutions brought before the Board may be passed
on behalf of the Conference by a two-thirds majority of Board members
5. Enabling Act. This Constitution will go into effect immediately
upon adoption by the Conference membership.
Article XIII: Prohibition against Private Inurement
1. Prohibition Against Private Inurement. No part of the net
earnings of this organization shall inure to the benefit or
be distributed to any director, employee or other individual,
partnership, estate, trust or corporation having a personal
or private interest in the Conference. Compensation for services
actually rendered and reimbursement for expenses actually incurred
in attending to the affairs of the Conference shall be limited
to reasonable amounts.
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