Meeting - "Strategies for Faculty Advocacy"
Assault on Faculty Heats Up!
Revenues and Dues: Board Proposes a Change
West Coast Office Welcomes New Staffer
Call for Volunteers
Calendar of Events
“Strategies for Faculty Advocacy”
February 12, 2005
(8:30 a.m. to 5:15 p.m.)
Mills College Faculty Dining Room
5000 MacArthur Blvd., Oakland, CA
This year has
seen a surge in chapter development at institutions across the state.
Consequently, we have designed our 2004/05 meeting around the theme
of chapter-based advocacy. With so many demands placed on faculty,
it is all too easy to disengage from our institutions and colleagues.
This detachment is often borne out of a mix of frustration, cynicism,
and exhaustion. Whatever its cause, disengagement is not something
that our profession can afford. Only by acting together can we defeat
those who would eviscerate educational quality, curtail academic
freedom, and chip away at tenure.
and coordinated faculty CAN make a difference at any institution.
Upton Sinclair’s classic treatment of American education (The Goose-Step)
succinctly stated this almost a century ago: “any time the college
professors of America get ready to take control of their own destinies,
and of the intellectual life of their institutions, they can do
it. There is not a college or university in the United States today
which could resist the demands of its faculty a hundred percent
organized and meaning business.” As the organization solely committed
to the interests of higher education, we believe it is our job to
get every faculty 100% organized and meaning business. Want to find
out how you and your colleagues can actively improve your working
lives? Join us on February 12th.
We are delighted
that former AAUP president, James T. Richardson, has agreed to give
our luncheon keynote address. Richardson is a professor of Sociology
and Judicial Studies at the University of Nevada, Reno, and directs
the Grant Sawyer Center for Justice Studies as well as the University’s
Judicial Studies Program. As president of the AAUP, Richardson was
instrumental in arranging the affiliation of the Berkeley Faculty
Association with the national AAUP and furthering the Association’s
presence in the west – he will share with us strategies based on
his work in Nevada, where he and the Nevada Faculty Alliance have
been outstanding advocates for the faculty.
Governance and Faculty Advocacy. Having spent the past
five years organizing and advocating for faculty out of the AAUP’s
Berkeley office, Marcus Harvey is familiar to many of our members.
Harvey will describe how alliances between AAUP chapters and senates
can strengthen the faculty voice on campus. The workshop will explore
a variety of possible interactions between chapters and senates,
as well as the problems of organizational and leadership development
Faculty: Moving Forward. AAUP activist Chris Storer and
national staffer Erika Gubrium will review AAUP policy and initiatives
as they affect contingent faculty. Storer and Gubrium will focus
on creating more broadly representative chapters by forging a meaningful
space for part-time and adjunct faculty within them. Two AAUP collective
bargaining chapters in California — the California Faculty Association
and the Faculty Union of the San Francisco Art Institute — have
negotiated significant gains for contingent faculty in recent years.
A review of their successful strategies will frame the discussion
of how a faculty can protect academic freedom for non-tenure track
faculty. Gubrium comes to the AAUP following almost a decade of
activism as a graduate assistant at the University of Florida. Storer
teaches philosophy at De Anza College and is an outspoken activist
for contingent faculty members. Storer presently serves on the AAUP’s
Committee A on Academic Freedom and Tenure.
Protecting Your Interests. National staff member Pat Shaw and
AAUP activist Linda Collins will provide participants with practical
guidance in assessing their own faculty handbooks, especially as
they relate to governance structures and basic terms and conditions
of employment. This session will also explore the issues of handbook
enforcement and modification. Linda Collins is on the faculty of
Los Medanos College and served for several years as president of
the Academic Senate for California Community Colleges. She currently
chairs the AAUP’s Committee on Community Colleges. Pat Shaw is a
labor lawyer by training and a tenacious advocate by inclination.
A former director of the AAUP’s Department of Organizing and Services,
Pat serves on the Association’s Committee on Governance and has
worked with an enormous number of AAUP chapters and conferences
on myriad bargaining and governance problems.
Perceptions of the Professoriate. CA-AAUP Vice President
Graham Larkin and former AAUP General Secretary Mary Burgan will
consider the public face of the profession. How do those outside
of the academy perceive us and how does this affect our work? This
session will explore a number of external threats to academic freedom
and the wellbeing of the professoriate with the goal of helping
chapter leaders and activists develop a public relations campaign
that will be understandable – and better yet, meaningful – to the
public at large. The so-called “Academic Bill of Rights” will be
on the table for discussion as will a number of other efforts to
undermine faculty authority. Burgan — recently retired from the
AAUP, having served as the Association’s General Secretary — is
currently enjoying a visiting appointment at UC Berkeley’s Center
for Studies in Higher Education. At the other end of the career
ladder, Larkin is a post-doctoral fellow at Stanford whose friendship
with Marcus Harvey “encouraged” his involvement with the CA-AAUP.
Larkin has been front and center in the highly publicized debate
with David Horowitz over bias in the academy and the Academic Bill
of Rights movement (see accompanying article).
are welcome to attend our annual meeting. Registration fees are
heavily discounted ($15 in advance) for members in good standing.
Non-members may attend the whole event, but may not vote during
the business portion of the meeting. Contact the AAUP’s West Coast
office (800-431-3348) to reserve your spot at the discounted rate.
There is no limit to the number of members that a chapter may send
or sponsor. Parking instructions, as well as directions to the Faculty
Dining Room, will be emailed to those who register in advance and
will also be available at the main gate into campus on the morning
of the event. Additional information is posted on the CA-AAUP
to our members and chapter leaders at Mills College in Oakland and
St. Mary’s College in Moraga for co-sponsoring this year’s meeting.
on Faculty Heats Up!
Across the country,
a concerted campaign to curb the academic freedom and professional
autonomy of university and college faculty is gathering momentum
under the guise of a so-called “Academic Bill of Rights” (ABOR).
First promulgated by David Horowitz and advocated by his “Students
for Academic Freedom,” the ABOR calls on legislatures to ensure
“fair and balanced” practices in grading, curriculum development,
allocation of university funds, hiring, firing, promotion and tenure
review. The ABOR campaign has built momentum in several states,
and appeared last year in California as Senate Bill 1335. Although
SB 1335 died in Committee, it has resurfaced in a slightly altered
form as SB 5.
The ABOR movement
ignores the fact that the vast majority of institutions of higher
learning have sound and long-established practices for regulating
disputes within the academy. Administrative procedures currently
in place have proven sufficient to address any isolated incidents
of faculty over-reaching and there is no need to overhaul the entire
structure of academic responsibility and accountability, which this
bill attempts to do, through an unwarranted intrusion into the classroom.
concern with the ABOR rests on the paradox that this, and any legislation
based on such documents, infringes upon “academic freedom in the
very act of purporting to protect it.” Inevitably, one result of
the statutory enactment of an “Academic Bill of Rights” would be
to transfer responsibility for the evaluation of student competence
from faculty to administrators, the courts, or some other legislative
entity. Legislation such as SB 5 would actually bring political
views, party affiliations, and religious beliefs to the fore in
the academic classroom. Contrary to the stated intention of its
proponents— the ABOR movement is, in fact, an attempt to politicize
2003, the national AAUP’s “Committee A on Academic Freedom and Tenure”
issued a statement reaffirming “that decisions concerning the quality
of scholarship and teaching are to be made by reference to the standards
of the academic profession, as interpreted and applied by the community
of scholars who are qualified by expertise and training to establish
such standards.” Existing academic freedom protections are the best
guarantee that First Amendment rights are alive and well in California’s
Higher Education system.
ABOR legislation are well organized, but rely on anecdotal evidence
and unanswerable allegations of faculty bias. Dr. Graham Larkin,
CA-AAUP Vice President for Private Colleges and Universities, has
exposed the flawed logic behind the ABOR as well as the dangers
posed by any real-world implementation of its objectives. In a paper
written this past September, Larkin hits on the most troubling aspects
of Horowitz’ proposal:
successfully foster “a plurality of methodologies and perspectives”
and ensure against “political, ideological, religious or anti-religious
indoctrination,” one would first have to develop a sufficiently
broad and clear model onto which to map these differences and
deviations, and then keep very close tabs on the professors.
In January 2005,
Larkin and national staff member Dr. Marcus Harvey participated
in a lively debate with Horowitz on a San Diego radio talk show.
Provoked by SB 5, the on-air discussion soon moved to the broader
implications and long-term intent of the ABOR campaign. Since appearing
together “on air,” Horowitz and Larkin have continued their debate
in a number of venues. On his website , Horowitz
charged Larkin with misrepresenting the ABOR campaign as “an attempt
to impose political standards on the university” and stated:
AAUP opposes the Academic Bill of Rights because it has no interest
in protecting students’ academic freedom. It is a professorial
guild with a political agenda, and this agenda is threatened by
intellectual diversity and a pluralism of ideas.
While it is
probably fair to accuse the CA-AAUP of striving to defending professorial
interests, those interests are certainly not antithetical to the
interests of our students. Quite the contrary! Our defense of the
profession—and the academic freedom sustaining it—are integral to
the quality of our students’ education. Please visit
our website for more information on the ABOR movement, SB 5,
and the Larkin-Horowitz debate.
and Dues: Board Proposes a Change
At its meeting
on September 25th, 2004, the Executive Board voted unanimously to
seek the membership’s approval to change California from an “integrated”
to a “comprehensive” dues state for purposes of national AAUP and
California Conference (CA-AAUP) dues collection. Before such a change
is put before our members for action, however, the Board wanted
to provide the rationale underlying its recommendation.
The AAUP currently
regards California as an “integrated dues state” which means that
the national organization will process any state dues payments made
directly to the AAUP by members from California and will then remit
those payments back to the CA-AAUP. Conference dues are voluntary
and set at a flat $8/member/year. Most large chapters and affiliates
(California Faculty Association, Berkeley Faculty Association, Santa
Cruz Faculty Association, San Diego Faculty Association, Faculty
Union of the San Francisco Art Institute) within the CA-AAUP now
pay this flat rate directly for all their members, but individuals
who join online, or who use standard AAUP application forms, may
not even be aware of the extra voluntary dues. Consequently, the
Conference does not include many AAUP members who may, in fact,
be keen to support our work and efforts in California.
The shift to
“comprehensive dues” would bundle the collection of CA-AAUP dues
with those of the national organization so that neither members,
nor chapters, would need to designate separate payments to these
two entities. It would also mean that the CA-AAUP’s modest dues
assessments would no longer be optional for members in California.
proposal to be submitted to the membership for approval would place
the CA-AAUP on the first (lowest) tier of Comprehensive dues. This
tier includes 12 other states (IA, KS, LA, MA, MN, MO, NE, NC, OK,
PA, SC, and VA); the Board does not foresee any need to advance
the CA-AAUP past the first tier of dues. Should that ever become
desirable, however, it, too, would need to be approved by the membership.
If the membership votes in favor of the transition to comprehensive
dues, the change could not be implemented before January 2006.
comprehensive AAUP dues are indexed according to a cost-of-living
formula, and so it is impossible to state for certain what AAUP
base dues will be in 2006; for illustrative purposes only, the following
table (“Impact of Transition to Comprehensive Dues”) shows what
the effects of this change would have been had it occurred this
of Transition to Comprehensive Dues (in dollars)
Coast Office Welcomes Vibrant New Staffer
We would like
to introduce Erika Gubrium who—as the AAUP’s newest professional
staff member—started in the California office on January 17th. Erika
has two Master’s degrees (one in Horticulture; the other, Science
Teaching) and is now working on her Ph.D. in Social Foundations
of Education (University of Florida). Thanks to a National Science
Foundation grant, she has spent the last few years integrating her
knowledge in the fields of plant molecular biology and pedagogy
and has developed educational software for community college biotechnology
classrooms. She has published articles in the fields of molecular
and evolutionary genetics, proteomics, and qualitative research
methodology. In addition to her academic background, Erika comes
to us with a good deal of advocacy and organizing experience. She
has undertaken issues-based community canvassing and worked extensively
on campaigns with graduate assistants and faculty during her years
of activism with the United Faculty of Florida.
by the membership at our last general meeting (October 25th, 2003),
the Executive Board has drafted several committee charges for approval
by the body. That is only half the battle; now we need member activists
to assume leadership roles on these committees. Please contact us
if you are interested in learning more about appointments to our
Committees. An update on the CA-AAUP’s various appointed bodies
The CA-AAUP’s Nominating Committee for 2004-05 has almost completed
the work of identifying candidates for the upcoming Board elections.
Thanks are due this year’s committee members: David Rubiales (Yuba
College), Patricia Hill (San Jose State University), David Bernstein
(Mills College), and Chris Storer (DeAnza College).
on Contingent Faculty
subcommittee of the Steering Committee shall address issues of concern
to contingent faculty. It will work to limit institutions’ abuse
of, and over-reliance on, contingent faculty members while pressing
for equitable treatment of all faculty in matters of workload, compensation,
evaluation, and professional development. Two current members of
the CA-AAUP’s Steering Committee--Graham Larkin and Lacy Barnes-Mileham--have
agreed to serve on this subcommittee.
This committee shall monitor legislation of concern to faculty in
California; analyze pending legislation and initiatives; and recommend
appropriate policies, positions, and actions to the CA-AAUP’s Board.
The committee shall advocate positions at all levels of government
that are beneficial to the higher education community, and shall
keep the membership informed of their efforts. Members of the committee
may be asked to testify at legislative and executive hearings on
matters of concern to higher education. Outgoing CA-AAUP president
David Rubiales is especially interested in the accelerated development
of this committee and has agreed to serve on it once his term as
This committee shall coordinate with other bodies in the Association
to ensure that the CA-AAUP effectively promotes its work and principles
to California’s higher education community. The committee should
also strive to keep the general public informed of the contribution
that California’s faculty make to the common good. The CA-AAUP has
been exceedingly visible in the ongoing public debate over the so-called
Academic Bill of Rights (see related article on page 1), and so
there is some urgency to getting this Committee on its feet.
full text of the proposed committee charges is available by
request and will be posted online a week before the February
12: CA-AAUP Annual Meeting
9: ASC/CBC Spring Training Workshop
9-12: AAUP Annual Meeting
21-24: AAUP Summer Institute
more information about any of these events, contact us
at (800) 431-3348 or by email.